What Does Thyroid Do For Our Body And How It Contributes to Our Health?

Investigating Thyroid

The thyroid gland may be small, but it plays a significant role in our overall health. It's responsible for producing hormones that influence many bodily functions, so understanding its function and how it affects our well-being is essential. In this blog post, we'll delve into the thyroid's role, its functions, symptoms of thyroid disorders, potential side effects, and how to care for your thyroid, including the best foods for thyroid health.

What is Thyroid?

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck, just below the Adam's apple. This gland is part of the endocrine system and is responsible for producing thyroid hormones that regulate metabolism and influence various body functions.

What is the Thyroid Function?

The thyroid gland primarily produces two hormones: thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These hormones help control metabolism, body temperature, and heart rate. They also influence energy production, protein synthesis, and how our bodies respond to other hormones. In essence, the thyroid hormones affect nearly every cell in our body.

Symptoms of Thyroid Disorders:

Thyroid disorders can result from an overactive (hyperthyroidism) or underactive (hypothyroidism) thyroid gland. The symptoms can vary depending on the disorder, but they may include:

overactive thyroid gland

  • Hyperthyroidism (Overactive Thyroid) Symptoms:

    • Rapid heartbeat
    • Weight loss
    • Nervousness
    • Tremors
    • Increased appetite

underactive thyroid gland

  • Hypothyroidism (Underactive Thyroid) Symptoms:

    • Fatigue
    • Weight gain
    • Cold sensitivity
    • Depression
    • Dry skin

Side Effects:

Thyroid disorders can lead to various health issues if left untreated. These may include heart problems, infertility, joint pain, and in severe cases, a condition known as myxedema, which can be life-threatening. Therefore, it's crucial to manage thyroid disorders appropriately.

How to Take Care of Your Thyroid:

  1. Medication

    If you have a thyroid disorder, follow your doctor's prescribed treatment plan, which often involves hormone replacement therapy.
  2. Diet

    Consume a balanced diet rich in essential nutrients, including iodine and selenium, which are crucial for thyroid health.
  3. Avoid Goitrogenic Foods

    Limit your intake of foods like cabbage, broccoli, and cauliflower, which can interfere with thyroid function when consumed in excess.
  4. Stress Management

    Chronic stress can affect the thyroid, so practice stress-reduction techniques like yoga or meditation.

Best Foods for Thyroid Health:

To support your thyroid health, include the following foods in your diet:

  • Iodine-rich foods: Seafood, iodized salt, and seaweed.
  • Selenium sources: Brazil nuts, sunflower seeds, and turkey.
  • Zinc-containing foods: Beef, spinach, and pumpkin seeds.
  • Omega-3 fatty acids: Fatty fish like salmon and flaxseeds.


Understanding the thyroid's role and its contribution to our health is essential for overall well-being. If you suspect a thyroid disorder or experience symptoms, consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and management. With the right care and a balanced diet, you can support your thyroid and maintain optimal health.